Father Emil Kapaun quickly enrolled as military chaplain following his ordination in 1940. After serving in WWII, he found himself in Korea as a Captain with the 3rd Battalion, 8th Cavalry Regiment of the U.S. Army. When his group was overrun by the Chinese on November 2, 1950, Kapaun ran from foxhole to foxhole, lifting men out so they could retreat, giving Last Rites to others who had been mortally wounded, hearing confessions over gunfire, and, in several cases, dragging men to safety at the casualty collection point. He ran back and forth across 'no-man's land' and at last determined to stay behind with the wounded men who could not be transported. He used his preaching skills to negotiate the removal of a few more soldiers and was finally forced to a POW camp, though not before stepping in front of Sergeant First Class Herbert Miller, who was about to be executed by a Chinese soldier. Miller was spared and Father Kapaun began the 87-mile death march to prison.
Kapaun carried men on his back during the march and when the depleted group arrived, the chaplain did not rest, but set about building fires, purifying drinking water, obtaining scraps of food, and tending to the sick and dying. He rallied the whole group, Catholics and non-Catholics alike, to pray the rosary together. He prayed individually with men, baptizing a few into the Catholic faith, and gave homilies to the group. The Chinese guards ordered him to stop and, when he refused, he was stripped naked and forced to stand on a block of ice for several hours. Worn down, he was left to die alone, which he did on May 23, 1951. His body was thrown into a mass grave. This Medal of Honor recipient is an icon of the priesthood and hero in the Catholic Church and United States.